No 1(18) (2019): Ukrainian Antarctic Journal
Articles

Research of frontal structure of the surface layer of the South Atlantic based on the passing observations in November — December 2018

V.M. Komorin
Ukrainian Scientific Center for Marine Ecology, 89 French Blvd., Odessa, 65000, Ukraine, State Institution National Antarctic Scientific Center, Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 16 Taras Shevchenko Blvd., Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine
V.M. Bolshakov
Ukrainian Scientific Center for Marine Ecology, 89 French Blvd., Odessa, 65000, Ukraine
Yu.M. Dikhanov
Ukrainian Scientific Center for Marine Ecology, 89 French Blvd., Odessa, 65000, Ukraine
E.A. Melnik
Ukrainian Scientific Center for Marine Ecology, 89 French Blvd., Odessa, 65000, Ukraine
Published December 13, 2019
Keywords
  • South Atlantic,
  • water surface temperature,
  • fronts,
  • frontal zones

Abstract

The purpose was identification the oceanic structures of the surface layer, which were crossed by the ship “More Sodruzhestva”, based on observations of temperature and salinity with high resolution, both in time and in space, during the transatlantic cruise in November-December 2018. Furthermore, the aim was to determine the geographical position of these structures, their ranges of variability and spatial gradients of the observed oceanographic characteristics. The research method consisted in a comparative analysis of the information obtained with the help one of the standard measuring systems used for continuous passing observations at the height of the summer of 2018 and information on the same areas obtained in previous years and reflected in the scientific literature. As a result, such oceanic structures as the Bengal Current, the Southern Subtropical Front, the Sub-Antarctic Front, and the zone of its confluence with the Antarctic Polar Front were identified. Spatial gradients characteristic of fronts were 6—10 times greater than gradients in the spaces between fronts. In areas of the transatlantic section in the western hemisphere, ranging in length from one and a half to two thousand nautical miles, there is a very great similarity between the variability of temperature and salinity, which are not physically interconnected. The correlation coefficient between them on one of the segments with a length of 1600 miles was 0.96. An explanation is given for this phenomenon. One of the conclusions is the assumption that this is not a rare event. It should be quite common in large areas of mixing warm, high-salt subtropical waters and much less salty, in cold Antarctic waters. This assumption must be verified. We show a good coincidence
of the results of our contact observations and satellite data.

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