No 13 (2014): Ukrainian Antarctic Journal
Articles

The united latent quality indiсator of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. adaptibility as reflex of current microconditions in the region of Admiral Bay (King George Island, Maritime Antarctic)

N. Miryuta
Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
I. Parnikoza
Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
A. Myryuta
Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
P. Shvydun
National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
J. Smykla
Institute of Nature Conservation of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow, Poland
I. Kozeretska
National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
V. Kunakh
Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Keywords
  • Deschampsia antarctica,
  • united latent quality indicator of adaptability,
  • King George Island,
  • Maritime Antarctic

Abstract

Plant populations residing in extreme environmental conditions develop adaptation to sudden abrupt environment changes; such plant reaction is known as adaptability. However, different plant populations develop their adaptability with not the same degree of success. To determine such degree, different measurable indices may be chosen, their changes following the same condition changes being not the same. In this investigation we evaluate the adaptability of a unique Antarctic plant - Deschampsia antarctica, the evaluation being based on parameters reflecting three levels of organization: population level (S, vegetation cover), individual level (Ph, biometric), and cellular level (relative DNA content in leaf parenchyma cells). Field material collection has been carried out on the King George Island (Maritime Antarctic) on ice-free area of the Admiralty Bay during the southern summer period of 2005-2006. Six D.antarctica populations have been analyzed. The approaches used have permitted to choose and analyze the interrelations between several indices of adaptability reflecting the population adaptability. The pairwise differences between populations obtained for each pair of indices studied have been taken for determination of the united latent quality indicator describing the adaptability of each population. The value of this indicator is given in points. Such value determines the coordination of reactions for three adaptability indices having been studied in concrete “mosaic” micro-environmental conditions. Such an approach enables to describe the adaptability of D.antarctica populations taking into account the complex of different traits being intensified.