Ukrainian Antarctic Journal

No 4-5 (2006): Ukrainian Antarctic Journal

Impact of chemical reactions in snow cover on content of atmosphere over western coastal Antarctica

V. I. Bogillo
Institute of geological sciences of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
M. S. Bazylevska
Institute of geological sciences of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
Published December 15, 2006
How to Cite
Bogillo, V. I., & Bazylevska, M. S. (2006). Impact of chemical reactions in snow cover on content of atmosphere over western coastal Antarctica. Ukrainian Antarctic Journal, (4-5), 307-312.


It has been shown that high enrichment coefficients in comparison with current atmospheric level are characteristic for N2O, CH2=CHCH3, CO2, CH3Cl, C2H5Cl, CH2=CHCl, CH3Br, CH2Br2, CHBr3, CH3I, C2H5I, CH2=CHI, COS, CS2, CH3SSCH3 and CH3SCH3 which identified in young and aged layers of retreated glacier in West coastal Antarctica. This suggests the natural sources of their formation. Possible mechanisms of their formation from organic matter in snow cover have been discussed. The fluxes of these impurities can affect the ecosystems, chemical content of the atmosphere and cloud formation over coastal Antarctica.


  1. Belyavskij, A. V., Bogillo, V. I., Gozhik, P. F. et al. (2001). Predvaritel`ny`e rezul`taty` issledovanij prob l`da v xode I i II Ukrainskix Antarkticheskix morskix e`kspedicij 1997–1998 gg. [Preliminary results of investigations of ice samples during I and II Ukrainian Antarctic marine expeditions 1997–1998]. MGI, 91, 116–120.
  2. Bogillo V. I.,Bazylevska M. S., Borchers R. (2003). Past and future for ozone-depleting halocarbons in Antarctic environment. In S. Barany (Ed.), Role of interfaces in environmental protection. Dordrecht, Kluwer Acad. Publ. P. 16–168.
  3. Seinfeld, J.H., Pandis, S.N. (1999). Atmospheric chemistry and physics. From air pollution to climate change. New York., John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  4. Butler, J.H., Battle M., Bender M.L. et al. (1999). A record of atmospheric halocarbons during the twentieth century from polar firn air. Nature, 399, 749–755.
  5. Govoruxa, L.S. (1997). Kratkaya geograficheskaya i glyaciologicheskaya xarakteristika arxipelaga Argentinskie ostrova. [Brief geographical and glaciological characteristics of the Argentine Islands archipelago]. Bulletin UAC, 1, 17–19.
  6. van Rijssel, M., Gieskes, W.W.C. (2002). Temperature, light, and the dimethyl sulfoniopropionate (DMSP) content of Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae). Journ. Sea Research, 48, 17–27.
  7. Flock, O., Andreae, M.O. (1996). Photochemical and non-photochemical formation and destruction of carbonyl sulfide and methylmercaptan in ocean waters. Marine Chemistry, 54, 11–26.
  8. Xie H., Moore, R.M., Miller, W.L. (1998). Photochemical production of carbon disulphide in seawater. J. Geophysical Research, 103, 5635–5644.
  9. Walter, B., Ballschmiter, K. (1992). Formation of C1/C2-bromo-/chloro-hydrocarbons by haloperoxidase reactions. Fresenius Journ. Analytical Chemistry, 342, 827–833.
  10. Herrmann, H., Majdik, Z., Ervens, B. et al. (2003). Halogen production from aqueous tropospheric particles. Chemosphere, 52, 485–502.
  11. Sturges, W.T., McIntyre, H.P., Penkett, S.A. et al. (2001). Methyl bromide, other brominated methanes, and methyl iodide in polar firn air. Journ. Geophysical Research, 106, 1595–1606.
  12. Keppler, F., Borchers, R., Elsner, P. et al. (2003). Formation of volatile iodinated alkanes in soil: Results from laboratory studies. Chemosphere, 52, 477–483.
  13. Urhahn, T., & Ballschmiter, K. (1998). Chemistry of the biosynthesis of halogenated methanes: Cl-organohalogens as pre-industrial chemical stressors in the environment? Chemosphere, 37, 1017–1032.