Ukrainian Antarctic journal

No 2 (2021): Ukrainian Antarctic Journal

Prospects for the use of wind energy resources at the Akademik Vernadsky station

K. Petrenko
Institute of Renewable Energy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Kyiv, 02094, Ukraine
І. Ivanchenko
Institute of Renewable Energy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Kyiv, 02094, Ukraine
O. Karmazin
Institute of Renewable Energy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Kyiv, 02094, Ukraine
Published December 31, 2021
  • Antarctica,
  • electricity generation,
  • Galindez Island,
  • renewable energy,
  • wind energy,
  • wind speed
  • ...More


Renewable energy and other methods of minimizing emissions into the atmosphere should be a priority for each country. This approach should be extended to Antarctica scientific stations. The study main objective was to obtain the necessary estimates of the wind energy potential of the Galindez Island territory to estimate the feasibility of installing wind turbines on the territory of the Akademik Vernadsky station. The study of the wind properties over the territory was based on the British Antarctic Survey archive of meteorological parameter average annual values (1950–2020), 3-h wind speed and direction data, registered by the Akademik Vernadsky station (2011–2020), and average daily data from meteorological observations (2014–2018). The Hellman parameter was calculated from satellite data. A number of statistical methods were used to analyze the vertical wind profile, particularly the method of minimizing the arithmetic mean relative modeling error. To assess the amount of generation, the wind speed data at the height of the anemometer sensor were recalculated to the height of the wind turbine axis. Using the wind power characteristics provided by the developers, average annual wind power generation was avaluated. For calculations of wind energy potential, we chose the technique developed by the Department of Wind Power of the Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. The analysis of the wind conditions showed a high average daily wind speed (3.9 m/s) and the prevailing wind direction (NNE 24%). The results support the hypothesis about the expediency of installing wind turbines on the territory of the Akademik Vernadsky station. The wind turbine was selected for further wind power calculations based on the other countries experience of using wind turbines in Antarctica and considering the specifics of installation and operation in conditions of high wind speeds, low temperatures and high relative humidity. Based on information on fuel consumption at the Akademik Vernadsky station, it was estimated that the installation of 10 wind turbines SD6 would meet 28.4% of the station's yearly electricity needs.


  1. Antarctica: first wind farm for the Italian base. (2018, August 1). Research Italy. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from
  2. ATCM. (2016). Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment in Antarctica (ATCM XXXIX Final Report).
  3. British Antarctic Survey. (n.d.). Met READER [Data set]. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from
  4. COMNAP. (2020). Proceedings of the COMNAP Symposium 2020: Future-proofing Infrastructure to Support Research and to Reduce Environmental Impact. COMNAP Secretariat.
  5. Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (2020, December 7). Wind power. Australian Antarctic Program. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from
  6. Dupre, J. B. (2020). Sustainable Energy for Scientific Antarctic Stations: development of a concept power plant using a small modular reactor coupled with a supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle. [Master thesis, Pontificia Universidad Catolica De Chile].
  7. Herenz, P., Wex, H., Mangold, A., Laffineur, Q., Gorodetskaya, I. V., Fleming, Z. L., Panagi, M., & Stratmann, F. (2018). Meteorological observations and condensation nuclei measurements at the Princess Elisabeth Antarctica Research Station during three austral summers. PANGAEA, 19(1), 275–294.
  8. International Polar Foundation. (2013). Princess Elisabeth. Antarctica. The First Zero Emission Polar Research Station [Power Point slides]. International Polar Foundation.
  9. Kudria, S., Ivanchenko, I, Tuchynskyi, B., Petrenko, K., Karmazin, O., & Riepkin, O. (2021). Resource potential for wind-hydrogen power in Ukraine. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46(1), 157—168.
  10. Makarovskiy, Y.L., & Zinych, V.O. (2012). Methodology for wind energy potential assessment. Problems of environmental protection and environmental safety, 34, 211–228. (In Russian)
  11. Mytrokhyn, O., & Bakhmutov, V. (2019). Geological research during 24-th Ukrainian Antarctic Expedition, January – April 2019: Graham Coast of Antarctic Peninsula and adjacent islands. In XIII International Scientific Conference "Monitoring of Geological Processes and Ecological Condition of the Environment" 2019 (p. 560). European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers (EAGE).
  12. NASA POWER. (n.d.). POWER Data Access Viewer. Prediction of Worldwide Energy Resource. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from
  13. Power Technology. (2010, April 7). The Ross Island Wind Farm Project, Antarctica. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from
  14. SD Wind Energy Limited. (2019). Guide to off-grid systems [Power Point slides]. SD Wind Energy Limited.
  15. The first Pole wind turbine. (n.d.). Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from
  16. Time and Date AS. (n.d.). Weather in Antarctica. Timeanddate. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from
  17. Tin, T., Sovacool, B. K., Blake, D., Magill, P., El Naggar, S., Lidstrom, S., Ishizawa, K., & Berte, J. (2010). Energy efficiency and renewable energy under extreme conditions: Case studies from Antarctica. Renewable Energy, 35(8), 1715–1723.
  18. Tochenyi, V. A., Tuchinskyi, B. G., & Ivanchenko, I. V. (2011). Task and methods to evaluate parameters for wind vertical profile model. Alternative Energy and Ecology, 8, 59–65. (In Russian)
  19. Tymofeyev, V. E., Beznoshchenko, B. O., & Shсheglov, O. A. (2017). On the near-surface atmospheric circulation in the region of the Antarctic Peninsula. Ukrainian Antarctic Journal, 16, 66—80. (In Russian)
  20. United States Antarctic Inspection Team. (2020). Report of Inspections under Article VII of the Antarctic Treaty and Article 14 of the Protocol on Environmental Protection. [Power Point slides].
  21. Winter, K. (2019, November 11). Antarctica’s first zero emission research station shows that sustainable living is possible anywhere. The Conversation. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from