SIMULATION OF AIRFLOW AT VERNADSKY STATION FOR MULTI -SITE DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Relevance of the study is that the consequences of premature destruction of the fuel tank or the wall of the building of the Ukrainian Antarctic Akademik Vernadsky station (Vernadsky station) may result in significant financial costs and human lives as a result of multi-site damage. Therefore, the main objective of the study is to identify the most probable places of snow accumulation and maximum wind pressure zones for identification and prevention of multi-site damage of buildings and engineering structures. Geometric modeling and simulation are chosen as research methods, which allow (accordingly) creating and investigating a three-dimensional computer model of an object. SolidWorks CAD-system was chosen for geometric modeling. The simulation was carried out in the ANSYS finite-element analysis software. Results: geometric modeling and simulation of Vernadsky station was conducted; in CAD-system SolidWorks based on the plan-scheme and photos of the station, its geometric model is built, which includes the model of the surrounding area; according to its geometric models the layout of the station is printed on a 3D-printer; in the CAE-system ANSYS a simulation of the influence of air flow at a speed of 45m/s on the station was conducted; vector velocity fields are constructed and based on them the most probable places of accumulation of snow are determined; vector pressure fields are constructed and the most loaded elements of the infrastructure are determined on their basis. Conclusions: analysis of simulation results showed that the most probable places of accumulation of snow are located near the walls of all buildings of the station and in places of significant change in the terrain of the surrounding area. The most loaded with wind pressure is the main housing and the storage tank for diesel fuel. In this regard, it was decided to additionally create geometric models of the fuel tank to study the effect of multi-site damage in the form of cracks on its integrity. It is also determined that the main impact on the elements of the infrastructure of the station is the wind from the mainland, but not from the ocean.
- Antarctic Bases and Buildings - 4. A Modern Energy Efficient Building on Bedrock. URL: https://www.coolantarctica.com/Bases/modern_antarctic_bases4.php (accessed on: December 19, 2017).
- ANSYS. URL: https://www.ansys.com (accessed on: December 19, 2017).
- Halley VI Research Station by Hugh Broughton Architects. URL: http://materialicious.com/2013/02/halley-vi-research-station-by-hugh-broughton-architects.html (accessed on: December 19, 2017).
- Hutton, D. 2008. Fundamentals of finite element analysis. New York, USA: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
- Komenchuk, I., 2017. Simulation of airflow at the Vernadsky station. In VIII International Antarctic conference dedicated to the 25th anniversary of Ukraine's accession to the Antarctic Treaty. Kyiv, Ukraine, May 16-18, 2017, 176-178.
- Lukyanchenko, O., Vorona, Yu., Kostina, O., Kuzko, O., Kyrychuk, O. 2015. Impact assessment of metal corrosion on fuel reservoir carrying capacity. Ukrainian Antarctic Journal, 14, 246-255.
- Lukyanchenko, O., Vorona, Yu., Kuzko, O. 2015. Evaluation of metal corrosion impact on load bearing capacity of the fuel reservoir. In VII International Antarctic conference. Kyiv, Ukraine, May 12-14, 2015, 101-102.
- Neumayer Station III, Antarctica. URL: https://www.surge-arrester.com/neumayer-station-iii-antarctica (accessed on: December 19, 2017).
- Panoramic view of Jang Bogo Antarctic Research Station 3. URL: http://www.mof.go.kr/jfile/view.do?file-Id=MOF_ARTICLE_6102&fileSeq=1 (accessed on: December 19, 2017).
- Pustovoit, A., Tsybulnik, S. 2017. Modeling of destructive processes in fuel tank. In VIII International Antarctic conference dedicated to the 25th anniversary of Ukraine's accession to the Antarctic Treaty. Kyiv, Ukraine, May 16-18, 2017, 188-190.
- SolidWorks. URL: https://www.solidworks.com (accessed on: December 19, 2017).
- Taishan station construction completed. URL: http://english.cntv.cn/program/china24/20140208/ 104928.shtml (accessed on: December 19, 2017).
- Tsybulnyk, S., Komenchuk, I. 2017. Simulation of Antarctic Vernadsky station. Journal of Engineering Academy of Ukraine, 1, 26-30.
- Zshukovsky, Y., Kuzko, O. 2015. Threats and risks during operation of steel reservoirs with diesel fuel in antarctic conditions. In VII International Antarctic conference. Kyiv, Ukraine, May 12-14, 2015, 97-98.