No 4-5 (2006): Ukrainian Antarctic Journal
Articles

Prognostication of effectiveness of functioning of specialists in condition of group isolation on basis of analysis of typical behavior patterns as well as degree of group’s unity

N. N. Pryvalova
Institute of Neurology, Psychiatry and Narcology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv; National Antarctic Scientific Center, Kyiv
V. I. Sukhorukov
Institute of Neurology, Psychiatry and Narcology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv; National Antarctic Scientific Center, Kyiv
Published December 15, 2006
Keywords
  • coping strategies,
  • group isolation,
  • personality and social effectiveness,
  • team-work

Abstract

This research was focused on studying of coping strategies of some groups of specialists and on determinating a degree of group’s unity for prognostication of their ability to functioning in conditions of group isolation. Evaluation of group behavior patterns was performed with using of method elaborated by S. Rosenzweig and standard processing of data obtained. Data obtained have allowed to make conclusion about more successful functioning of specialists of the thirst group, so long as they are conscious of their responsibility for difficulties arisen. They are directed to broadening of set of patterns of problem-oriented coping as well as to opposition to complications of life. They are oriented to forming of more expressed resistibility to circumstances as well as more expressed competence and confidence in various communicative situations and strengthening of own psychological well-being. Representatives of another groups are more anxious, various forms of defensive behavior are typical for them, as follows: reactions of destructive aggression in conflict situation, emotional fixation on problem in combination with disability to comprehend of it, insufficient self-criticism. These forms of defensive behavior as well as insufficient own activity directed to solving of problems arisen are able to provoke not only escalation of conflict begun but forming of neurotic and psychosomatic symptoms. Everything named above, in their turn, are able to hinder effective team-work of specialists belonging to these groups.